The Significance of RNA Synthesis and Splicing

Summary: RNA synthesis shares a common origin with two ancient cells.

To understand the process of RNA synthesis and splicing, there must be an introduction on the major factors that play a large role in the entire process.

The process of RNA synthesis, or otherwise known as transcription, is a process that involves transcribing DNA sequence information into RNA information. One of the enzymes that play a significant role is known as the RNA polymerase – which essentially catalyzes the RNA synthesis process.

Biochemistry of RNA

Similar to the forms of prokaryotes and eukaryotes in terms of regulation, RNA synthesis share the same overall structure. Although there are substantial differences when it comes to polypeptides, it shares a common evolutionary origin, which is quite peculiar in that the complex regulation of the RNA synthesis looks to be derived from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Additionally, the oligonucleotide plays a role within the RNA synthesis process as well for medical and research purposes. A modified oligo that undergoes RNA synthesis can be used to treat viruses that have threatened society through its dangerous replicating abilities.

RNA Splicing

The genomes of the human body are affected by RNA splicing. Consider this, 15% of genetics diseases are caused by various mutations that affect the overall splicing of RNA. Additionally, these same RNA units can be spliced in a different manner in a variety of localized cell types, and even at random stages of development as well. It´s important to note this because it proves that one gene can encode more than one certain type of mRNA and protein, which will provide researchers more information on the expansion of the human genome system.

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